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Cannabis Legal Framework


Portugal's pioneering drug policy includes decriminalized possession of all drugs and legal medical cannabis, with a focus on harm reduction.

Cannabis Laws in Portugal: Decriminalization and Limited Legalization

In Portugal, cannabis laws are characterized by decriminalization for personal use and limited legalization for specific purposes. The possession of cannabis for personal use is decriminalized, with defined limits, while the cultivation of cannabis for medical or recreational purposes remains illegal.


Portugal has decriminalized the possession of cannabis in limited amounts for personal use. Individuals can possess up to 25 grams of plant material or 5 grams of hashish without facing criminal charges, reflecting a progressive approach towards drug policy.

Limited Legalization

While individuals are not allowed to grow cannabis plants for medical or recreational purposes in Portugal, companies and organizations can apply for licenses to cultivate cannabis. This limited legalization framework allows for controlled production under specific regulations.

Regulatory Environment

Portugal's drug policy focuses on decriminalization rather than full legalization. This approach means that individuals possessing small amounts of cannabis for personal use are not subject to criminal penalties, aligning with a harm reduction strategy to address drug-related issues within the country.

Public Perception

Public perception in Portugal regarding cannabis laws may vary. The decriminalization of personal possession and limited legalization for specific entities likely influence attitudes towards drug policy and the use of cannabis within the country.In conclusion, Portugal has decriminalized the possession of cannabis for personal use within defined limits while maintaining restrictions on cultivation. 

The country's approach reflects a balance between decriminalization and limited legalization, emphasizing harm reduction strategies and controlled production under specific regulations. 

As discussions around drug policy continue and public perceptions evolve, Portugal's stance on cannabis laws will likely continue to adapt to changing attitudes towards marijuana regulation


Legal Framework

Medicinal Use


Recreational Use


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